Home Minister, Amit Shah on Monday announced the Central Government’s move for abrogation of Article 370 of the Indian Constitution. This move bifurcated the state of Jammu and Kashmir into two Union Territories, Ladakh and J&K.
After the announcement a Presidential order, Constitution(application to Jammu and Kashmir) Order 2019 was published in Gazette of India. The Government came strong ahead to fulfill promises into reality and the country celebrated the move.
How the abrogation of ARTICLE 370 will impact Kashmir and the Kashmiris?
Special Status Ended :
The special status to the state of Jammu and Kashmir ended with the abrogation of Article 370. Till now Jammu and Kashmir had its own Constitution, and the laws passed by Indian government were not applicable to the state without the concurrence of State Government.
But after the abrogation of Article 370, the Centre can now introduce any policy and laws in the state without the approval of state legislature. Earlier the state legislature has the right to take decisions on all matters except defense, communications and foreign affairs, but now those special powers have been snatched.
No Dual Citizenship :
Earlier, residents of Jammu and Kashmir enjoyed dual citizenship but from now they would have just single citizenship like every other citizen of India.
No Separate Flag:
Till date Jammu and Kashmir used to have its own flag as its identity other than the tricolour of India. With the abrogation of Article 370, J&K will no longer have it separate flag. The tricolour will be the only national flag for the entire country.
Property/ Land in Kashmir:
Earlier the residents of Jammu and Kashmir can buy land and property in any part of India but citizens from other states of India cannot buy any land or property in the state.But now people from anywhere in India will be able to buy property and permanently settle in the state.
Declaration of Financial Emergency:
Article 360 of the Indian Constitution that allows the Central Government to declare financial emergency in any state will now apply to Jammu and Kashmir. Earlier, this could be done only on the grounds of “war or an external act of aggression”.
Right to Information (RTI) Now Applicable:
The RTI is an act of the Indian Parliament that provide the ‘right to information’ for citizens of India and replaces the erstwhile Freedom of information Act, 2002.The Right to Information Act would also become applicable to the state with the abrogation of Article 370.
Reservation for Hindu and Sikh Minorities:
With the abrogation of Article 370 minorities living in J&K mostly Hindus and Sikhs would get 16 per cent reservation in government jobs, education, depending on the decisions taken by the newly formed state legislature.